Once the ancient kingdom of Kush. Nubia houses archaeological sites of great interest: temples, fortresses and tombs. The construction of the high dam posed a great danger of overflooding the temples of Philae, Kalabsha and Abu Simbel. The Nubians still retain their customs, traditions, language and architecture. One can enjoy a cruise in Lake Nasser by boats to explore the New Nubia after relocating the flooded temples.