Luxor is considered the greatest outdoor museum in the world, it contains nearly one third of the world's antiquities. There is hardly a place in Luxor which has not a relic that reflects the greatness of the ancient Egyptians and their civilization that dates back to seven thousand years ago. Luxor is part of ancient Thebes that the renowned Greek poet Homer described as the city of one hundred gates. The Arabs called it "Luxor" - the city of palaces - because they were impressed by its magnificent edifices and huge buildings. Luxor is 670 KM south of Cairo. It remained the seat of power from 2100 to 750 B.C.